Research

My research has recently been supported by Harvard University's Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies, Asia Center, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, the Harvard Kennedy School's Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard Law School's Program on Negotiation and Orrick Fellows Program, AidData, and Mercy Corps.

Book

Explaining Chinese Aid. Under contract at Cambridge University Press, with Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks and Michael Tierney.

Peer-reviewed Articles

"Aid, China and Growth: Evidence from a New Global Development Finance Dataset." Forthcoming. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, with Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks, and Michael Tierney.

"Foreign Aid and the Status Quo: Evidence from Pre-Marshall Plan Aid." 2019. Chinese Journal of International Politics 12(4): 585-613, with Daniel Markovits and Dustin Tingley.

"Seven Decades of Chinese State Financing in Africa: Tempering Contemporary Debates." 2019. Economic History of Developing Regions 34(3): 259-279.

"Online Volunteer Laboratories for Human Subjects Research." 2019. PLOS ONE 14(8): e0221676, with Ryan Enos, Mark Hill, and Amy Lakeman.

"Apples and Dragon Fruits: The Determinants of Aid and Other Forms of State Financing from China to Africa." 2018. International Studies Quarterly 62(1): 182-194, with Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks and Michael Tierney.

"Tracking Under-Reported Financial Flows: China’s Development Finance and the Aid-Conflict Nexus Revisited." 2017. Journal of Conflict Resolution 61(5): 935-963, with Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks and Michael Tierney.

"‘Ground-Truthing’ Chinese Development Finance in Africa: Field Evidence from Uganda and South Africa." 2016. Journal of Development Studies 52(6): 780-796, with Edwin Muchapondwa, Daniel Nielson, Michael Tierney, and Bradley Parks.

"Ripples of Change in Chinese Foreign Policy? Evidence from Recent Approaches to Nontraditional Waterborne Security." 2014. Asia Policy 17: 93-126, with Andrew Erickson.

Projects and Working Papers

"Connective Financing: Chinese Infrastructure Projects and the Diffusion of Economic Activity in Developing Countries." Under review, with Richard Bluhm, Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks and Michael Tierney.

"Who Pursues Prestige Projects, and Why? Evidence from Chinese Development Finance." Working paper.

"Trade Preferences in a Non-Democratic Regime: Evidence from Late Imperial China." Working paper.

"Diplomacy as Domestic Authority: Ming and Qing Tribute Exchanges ." Working paper.

"Delegated Diplomacy: Why China Uses the Military for Face-to-Face Exchanges." Working paper, with Tyler Jost.

“Is Chinese Aid an Effective Soft Power Instrument? Evidence from 1,980 Jurisdictions within 125 Countries.” Working paper, with Lukas Wellner, Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks and Michael Tierney.

“Competing for Aid Recipients? Donor Responses to Chinese Development Finance.” Working paper, with Andreas Fuchs and Soo Yeon Kim.

“How Group Consciousness Informs Foreign Policy Preferences.” Working paper, with Aseem Mahajan.

Other Academic Research

"Autocratic Aid and Governance: What We Know, Don’t Know, and Need to Know." 2019. American Political Science Association Annals of Comparative Democratization 17(2): 11-16, with Bradley Parks.

"China’s Blue Soft Power: Antipiracy, Engagement, and Image Enhancement." 2015. Naval War College Review 68(1): 71-91, with Andrew Erickson.

Six Years at Sea...and Counting: Gulf of Aden Anti-Piracy and China’s Maritime Commons Presence. 2015. Washington, D.C.: Jamestown Foundation, with Andrew Erickson.

"Aid to Africa: Harmful or Helpful?" 2014. China Economic Quarterly 18(2): 29-33, with Bradley Parks.

No Substitute for Experience: Chinese Anti-Piracy Activities in the Gulf of Aden. 2013. Newport: Naval War College Press China Maritime Study #10, with Andrew Erickson.

Recent Commentary

"Belt and Road Projects Direct Chinese Investment to All Corners of the Globe. What Are the Local Impacts?" The Monkey Cage, September 11, 2018, with Richard Bluhm, Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks and Michael Tierney.

"China's Foreign Aid Beyond the Headlines." Fairbank Center Blog, February 13, 2018.

"China's Overseas Development Programs: Busting `Rogue Donor' Myths." GlobalDev Blog, February 8, 2018, with Brad Parks, Michael J. Tierney, Axel Dreher and Andreas Fuchs.

"Rogue Agent or Team Player? Beijing’s Motivations for Aid Provision." AidData The First Tranche, February 6, 2018, with Brad Parks, Michael J. Tierney, Axel Dreher and Andreas Fuchs.

"Many in the West Fear Chinese ‘Aid’ to Africa. They’re Wrong. Here’s Why." The Monkey Cage, October 20, 2015, with Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks, and Michael J. Tierney.

"China’s `Facts of Ground’: Putting Neighbors Between a Rock and a Hard Place." War on the Rocks, March 2, 2015, with Andrew S. Erickson.